This research covers the origin and use of the notion of commune in the social sciences. Its objective is to analyze the different perspectives of the commune from a documentary theoretical perspective. It starts from the study of the first appearance of the term referring to the organizations of medieval Italy, going through the experience of the Paris Commune, the experiences of the Chinese revolution and the most recent expressions and uses in Venezuela. The present investigation is of a theoretical documentary type. The reflections on the term show that there are two great notions of this category, on the one hand, it refers to a local form of political-administrative organization of the territory, on the other, it gives rise to forms of anti-feudal resistance, at the time, and anti-capitalists today.
- Political organization